Kidney stone is a hard deposit made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys. Kidney stones have many causes and can affect any part of your urinary tract, from your kidneys to your bladder. Passing kidney stones can be quite painful, but the stones usually cause no permanent damage if they are recognized in a timely fashion. Depending on the situation but you may need nothing more than to take pain medication and drink lots of water to pass a kidney stone.
One in every 20 people develop kidney stones at some point in their life. Kidney stones is more common in young and middle-aged people than in older, and much more common in men than in women.
If you have a kidney stone, you may experience these signs and symptoms:
- blood in the urine
- pain while urinating
- onslaught of sharp pain occurring laterally and spread to the groin
- severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs
- profuse sweating
- nausea and vomiting
Rather than having to undergo treatment, it is best to avoid kidney stones in the first place when possible. Here are few tips.
- Drink at least 3 and a half liters of liquid every day
- Avoid foods which increase the level of uric acid like anchovies, sardines, brewer’s yeast.
- Reduce salt consumption not to exceed 3 grams per day
- Avoid antacids they usually have a lot of calcium
- Take daily additional amount of vitamin B6 and magnesium